Jean Toomer

Gurdjieff International Review

Jean Toomer


A widely acclaimed writer of the Harlem Renaissance, Jean Toomer came to Gurdjieff through A. R. Orage’s New York City Group, and went to the Prieure in 1924 and 1926. Toomer acted as an important fundraiser for Gurdjieff’s projects in America, and set up Work groups in Harlem, Chicago, Wisconsin and in California.

Jean Toomer - by Ellen Reynard

Author of the book Cane, Jean Toomer met Gurdjieff in New York in 1924. Toomer established the group in Chicago in 1926. He later broke with Gurdjieff and became a Quaker. Towards the end of his life he returned to the Work as a pupil of Louise Welch.

The Same Old Trick

Toomer wrote that Gurdjieff used money as a “lever with which to work on you—one of the few and most effective ready-made levers available to him.”

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Revision: March 1, 2020