By teaching others you will learn yourself.

Gurdjieff International Review

Gurdjieff’s Pupils

then Leaders of the Teaching

George Adie

Adie, George

George Adie first studied with P. D. Ouspensky and later Gurdjieff. After many years in England working with other prominent pupils such as Henriette Lannes and Jane Heap, Mr. Adie moved to Australia and established groups there.
Helen Adie

Adie, Helen

One of England’s leading concert pianists, Helen Adie played and wrote music for the movements. After Gurdjieff’s death, she moved to Australia and helped establish the Gurdjieff Society of Newport.
Margaret Anderson bibliography

Anderson, Margaret

Margaret Anderson and Jane Heap were founding editors of the legendary Little Review. She met Gurdjieff in New York in 1924 and shortly thereafter relocated to Paris, partly to study with him at his Institute at Fontainebleau. She then continued to study with Gurdjieff in France until his death.
Paul Anderson

Anderson, Paul E.

On his last visit to America, Mr. Gurdjieff chose Paul Anderson as his last American Secretary, stating “He not only has eaten one dog, but swallowed whole packs of dogs … and I rest very contented when I leave because you are my special American Secretary.”
John Bennett bibliography

Bennett, John G.

J. G. Bennett was a British scientist, mathematician, and philosopher who integrated scientific research with studies of Asiatic languages and religions. Bennett travelled widely and met many spiritual leaders. In the early 1920s, he was introduced to G. I. Gurdjieff and P. D. Ouspensky, who both became central guiding forces in his life.
Rodney Collin

Collin, Rodney

Rodney Collin was a prominent pupil of P.D. Ouspensky.
Michel Conge

Conge, Michel

Dr. Conge was a French physician and prominent french pupil of Gurdjieff.
René Daumal bibliography

Daumal, René

One of the most gifted literary figures in France in the early part of the twentieth century, René Daumal was a genuine seeker of truth. In the later part of his life, he had the good fortune to meet and work with Gurdjieff.
Maurice Desselle

Desselle, Maurice

After Gurdjieff’s death in 1949, Maurice Desselle carried on with the transmission of inner Work, alongside such people as Henriette Lannes, Henri Tracol, and other contemporaries, under the guidance of Mme. de Salzmann.
Christopher Fremantle bibliography

Fremantle, Christopher

The tall, soft-spoken Christopher Fremantle first met P. D. Ouspensky in 1935. Later he was introduced to Gurdjieff in Paris and worked with him until G’s death. In 1951, he started groups in Mexico and worked with them for the next 30 years. He also led groups in the U.S.
Thomas de Hartmann bibliography

Hartmann, Thomas de

Thomas de Hartmann was born in the Ukraine and was already an acclaimed composer in Russia when he first met Gurdjieff. He spent the years 1917–1929 as a pupil and confidant of Gurdjieff. While at the Prieuré, he collaborated with Gurdjieff to compose hundreds of musical works that continue to inspire listeners.
Olga de Hartmann bibliography

Hartmann, Olga de

Olga de Hartmann was a major figure in the transmission of the teachings of Gurdjieff. Having met Gurdjieff in 1917, she worked with him intensely in very trying and even dangerous conditions until 1929. She was Gurdjieff’s private secretary for many of these years and often helped with his writings.
Jane Heap bibliography

Heap, Jane

Even before she met Gurdjieff, Jane Heap was a legendary thinker and raconteur. She first met A. R. Orage through her work on  The Little Review and Gurdjieff during his 1924 visit to New York. In the fall of 1935, Gurdjieff sent Heap to London to direct groups.
Jessmn Howarth

Howarth, Jessmin

Jessmin Howarth was one of the accomplished women who contributed to the transmission of Gurdjieff’s Movements.
Kathryn Hulme bibliography

Hulme, Kathryn

Author of The Nun’s Story, The Wild Place, and Undiscovered Country (a description of her years with Gurdjieff). A woman of boundless energy, she was also an astute and perceptive observer of life around her.
Henriette Lannes

Lannes, Henriette

That the Work in England is today so firmly established is preponderantly owed to one woman. Active in London for nearly three decades, this remarkable human being guaranteed the Work’s ethos, dynamic, and trajectory. Her name was Madame Lannes.
Dr. John Lester

Lester, John

John Lester, a native of Australia, went to England in 1939 to study medicine. His life was forever altered when he met Jane Heap and then Mr. Gurdjieff, who he visited in Paris with other members of Jane’s London group after the war.
Louise March

March, Louise

One evening in early 1929, Lousie March was invited to the studios of Carnegie Hall, where Gurdjieff was hosting a recital of piano music. By late spring, she found herself crossing the Atlantic to live and study at his Institute for the Harmonious Development in France.

Maurice Nicoll bibliography

Nicoll, Maurice

In 1921, Dr. Maurice Nicoll was Jung’s leading exponent when he met P. D. Ouspensky. The following year, he went to the Prieuré to study directly with Gurdjieff. He afterwards resumed his psychiatric practice in London and studied under Ouspensky until 1931 when Ouspensky gave him permission to teach.
C.S. Nott bibliography

Nott, C. Stanley

In 1923, C. S. Nott first met Gurdjieff and A. R. Orage in New York. At the Prieuré, Nott experienced sustained and intense periods of inner work with Gurdjieff. He was also a close associate of Orage, Dr. Stjoernval, Thomas de Hartmann and later Ouspensky.
Willem Nyland bibliography

Nyland, Willem A.

Mr. Nyland first met Gurdjieff in 1924 and was one of the founding members of Orage’s New York group. He maintained close contact with Gurdjieff for the next 25 years. Mr. Nyland was also one of the original founders and trustees of the Gurdjieff Foundation and started his own groups in America and Europe.
A. R. Orage bibliography

Orage, Alfred R.

A. R. Orage was a leading pupil of Gurdjieff. Having met Ouspensky in 1914 and later Gurdjieff in 1922, Orage surrendered the forefront of intellectual life in London to study at the Prieuré. In January 1924, Orage went to New York to help Gurdjieff with his first visit to America and later introduced and supervised the Work there.
P. D. Ouspensky bibliography

Ouspensky, Peter D.

P. D. Ouspensky was a major contributor to Twentieth century ideas. He anticipated many of the key questions in philosophy, psychology and religion that have driven and informed us throughout the century. He studied intensively with Gurdjieff between 1915–1918 and throughout the rest of his life continued to promote Gurdjieff’s system.
Madame Ouspensky

Ouspensky, Madame

Madame Ouspensky was a major contributor to the transmission of Gurdjieff’s ideas and teachings. She directed the studies of Gurdjieff's work at Mendham, New Jersey.
John Pentland bibliography

Pentland, John

Lord Pentland was a pupil of Ouspensky for many years during the 1930s and 1940s. He began to study intensely with Gurdjieff in 1948. Gurdjieff then appointed him to lead the Work in North America. He became president of the Gurdjieff Foundation when it was established in New York in 1953 and remained in that position until his death.
Paul Reynard

Reynard, Paul

Paul Reynard joined a small group in Paris led by Henriette Lannes in 1946. He began to practice the movements in 1947 with Jeanne de Salzmann, and joined the senior class under the direction of Mr. Gurdjieff that fall. He began as a movements instructor under Marthe de Gaigneron, and in 1969 began to lead classes at the Gurdjieff Foundation of New York and other US as well as Canadian Gurdjieff Foundations.
Hugh Ripman

Ripman, Hugh

Hugh Ripman began as a pupil of Ouspensky, then went on to study directly with Gurdjieff in 1948. After meeting Mr. Gurdjieff, Hugh Ripman began to gather a group of people in Washington, DC.
Alexandre de Salzmann

Salzmann, Alexandre de

When Alexandre de Salzmann and his wife Jeanne first met Gurdjieff in 1919, he was already a well known stage lighting artist in both Russia and Germany. He soon gave up his professional career to follow Gurdjieff and was one of the founding members of the Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man.
Jeanne de Salzmann

Salzmann, Jeanne de

Having first met Gurdjieff with her husband in 1919, Madame de Salzmann studied with Gurdjieff for three decades. After Gurdjieff’s death in 1949, she took primary responsibility for carrying on the Gurdjieff Work. She published his books and helped preserve the form of his Movements.
Michel de Salzmann

Salzmann, Michel de

From 1990 until his recent passing in August 2001, Dr. de Salzmann directed the network of Gurdjieff foundations, societies, and institutes around the world. His friends salute him as one of the most important spiritual figures of our century.
William Segal

Segal, William

William Segal taught and embodied a threefold life: theosopher, artist, and man of the market. As an artist, he developed an appreciation for the enigma of self-portraiture. To see and be seen simultaneously, he felt, leads toward Essence—toward what truly is, no more, no less.
A. L. Staveley bibliography

Staveley, Annie Lou

Mrs. Staveley lived in England for more than thirty years and was introduced to the Work by Jane Heap. In 1946, she traveled to Paris to study with Mr. Gurdjieff. She eventually moved to rural Oregon and started a community named Two Rivers Farm.
Tcheslaw Tchekhovitch

Tchekhovitch, Tcheslaw

Tcheslaw Tchekhovitch was among the Russians who followed Gurdjieff from Istanbul to Germany, and then to France. After Gurdjieff's death in 1949, he worked closely with Jeanne de Salzmann before his own death in 1958.
Henri Thomasson

Thomasson, Henri

Henri Thomasson's first contact with the Work occurred in Paris in 1947, where he participated in a small group led by Mme Henriette Lannes, who later introduced him to Mme de Salzmann and Gurdjieff. He went on to start new groups in Italy.
Jean Toomer

Toomer, Jean

A widely acclaimed writer of the Harlem Renaissance, Jean Toomer came to Gurdjieff through A. R. Orage’s New York City Group, and went to the Prieure in 1924 and 1926. Toomer acted as an important fundraiser for Gurdjieff’s projects in America, and set up Work groups in Harlem, Chicago, Wisconsin and in California.
Henri Tracol bibliography

Tracol, Henri

Former journalist, photographer and sculptor, Henri Tracol was also a close pupil of Gurdjieff for ten years. As a leading exponent of the Gurdjieff teaching, he was President of the Gurdjieff Institute in France.
Pamela Travers

Travers, Pamela

Although there is uncertainty as to where and when Pamela Travers first met Mr. Gurdjieff, she spoke more freely about her friendship with A. R. Orage which developed when he published one of her poems in the New Age.
Kenneth Walker bibliography

Walker, Kenneth

Kenneth Walter—a gifted surgeon—first met P. D. Ouspensky in 1923. He studied and practiced the ideas of Gurdjieff from that time until his death in 1966. A prolific author, his Venture with Ideas and A Study of Gurdjieff’s Teaching provide valuable introductions to Gurdjieff’s ideas.
Louise Welch bibliography

Welch, Louise

Louise Welch studied with A. R. Orage during his eight years in New York. She went on to become a senior leader in the study of Gurdjieff’s teaching. In her book, Orage with Gurdjieff in America, she provides a vividly personal account of Orage’s background and his continuing influence as Gurdjieff’s representative in America.
Dr. William Welch bibliography

Welch, William

Dr. William Welch attended Gurdjieff at his death and was President of the Gurdjieff Foundation in New York, succeeding John Pentland.
Edwin Wolfe

Wolfe, Edwin

After being introduced to the ideas in 1927, Edwin Wolfe went to the Prieure in France to work with Gurdjieff. After Gurdjieff’s death Mr. Wolfe became a group leader, and was a founding trustee of the New York Foundation.
This webpage © 2006 Gurdjieff Electronic Publishing
Revision: November 18, 2013